10 Tips For Those Visiting Africa For The First Time

Embarking on a journey to Africa, a continent brimming with diversity and heart-stirring landscapes, can be an exhilarating experience for the first-time visitor.

From the rolling savannas teeming with majestic wildlife to the bustling urban centers rich in cultural heritage, Africa offers a tapestry of experiences that beckon the world’s travelers. 

This article aims to equip you with essential tips to navigate this vast land confidently.

Respecting local customs, safeguarding your health, or making the most of your safari adventure—these insights will help ensure your African odyssey is as enriching as it is memorable.

Welcome to a journey of discovery, where every turn is a story and every moment is a treasure waiting to be uncovered.

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10 Tips For Those Visiting Africa For The First Time

Traveling to Africa is an exciting adventure, and there are several key points to consider to ensure a smooth experience:

1: Visa Requirements

Visa requirements for Africa vary significantly across the continent, and it’s essential to understand these before traveling. Here’s a more detailed look at what you need to know:

Visa Types

  • Visa on Arrival: Some countries offer visas upon arrival at the airport or border crossing. This can be convenient but may involve waiting in lines upon entry.
  • E-Visa: Many African countries now offer electronic visas that can be applied online before travel.

Advance Visa Application: Some countries require you to apply for a visa in advance through their embassy or consulate in your home country.

General Requirements

  • A passport is valid for at least six months beyond your intended stay.
  • At least one or two blank pages of your passport are used for stamps.
  • Proof of yellow fever vaccination if traveling from or through a yellow fever-endemic area.
  • Return ticket or proof of onward travel.
  • Proof of sufficient funds for your stay.
  • Some countries may require an invitation letter or confirmed accommodation booking.

Application Process

  • The application process can vary, but you must fill out an application form and submit it with your passport and other required documents.
  • Visa fees vary by country and sometimes by the length or type of visa.
  • Processing times can range from a few days for an e-visa to several weeks for a traditional visa, so it’s important to plan.

Special Considerations

  • Visa rules can change frequently, so it’s important to get the latest information directly from the country’s government website or the nearest embassy or consulate.
  • You may need multiple or multi-entry visas if you plan to visit multiple countries.
  • Some countries have agreements that allow free movement between them, so a visa for one country may allow entry to others.

Tips for Smooth Visa Processing

  • Start the visa application process well before your travel dates.
  • Make sure all your documents are in order and legible.
  • Keep copies of all documents and applications you submit.
  • Follow up with the embassy if you don’t receive your visa within the expected time frame.

2: Health and Vaccinations

Health and vaccinations are critical to address when preparing for travel to Africa. Consider this:

Consultation with Health Professionals

  • Visiting a travel clinic or your doctor at least 4-6 weeks before your trip is advisable. This allows time for vaccines to take effect and for you to complete any necessary vaccine series.

Routine Vaccinations

  • Ensure you are up-to-date with routine vaccinations such as:
    • Influenza
    • MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella)
    • Polio
    • Hepatitis A & B
    • DPT (diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus)

Specialized Travel Vaccinations

  • Yellow Fever: Some African countries require proof of Yellow Fever vaccination for entry. The vaccine should be administered at least ten days before travel.
  • Hepatitis A: Recommended due to the potential for contaminated food or water.
  • Hepatitis B: Recommended, especially if you might be exposed to blood or body fluids, have sexual contact, or undergo medical procedures.
  • Typhoid: Advised for most travelers, particularly those visiting smaller cities, villages, or rural areas and staying with friends or relatives.
  • Meningococcal Meningitis: Recommended for travelers to the meningitis belt in sub-Saharan Africa, especially during the dry season.

Malaria Prophylaxis

  • Malaria is prevalent in many parts of Africa. Antimalarial medication and measures to avoid mosquito bites, such as using insect repellent and sleeping under mosquito nets, are recommended.

Other Health Considerations

  • Cholera: Vaccination may be considered for high-risk travelers or areas with active cholera transmission.
  • Rabies: Consider this vaccine if you’re likely to come into contact with animals or will be in remote areas.
  • COVID-19: Stay updated with the latest vaccine recommendations and travel advisories related to COVID-19.

General Health Precautions

  • Drink bottled or purified water and avoid ice.
  • Eat well-cooked food and avoid raw vegetables and fruits unless you can peel them yourself.
  • Practice good hand hygiene with frequent handwashing or use of hand sanitizers.

Health Documentation

  • Carry a record of your vaccinations and list any medications you’re taking.
  • Some countries have specific health entry requirements, so having documentation can facilitate smoother entry.

3: Safety and Security

Safety and security are paramount when traveling to Africa, as conditions vary greatly. 

Stay Informed

  • Regularly check travel advisories from reliable sources for updates on safety conditions.
  • Be aware of any political unrest, natural disasters, or health outbreaks affecting your travel.

Traveling at Night

  • Avoid traveling alone after dark. If necessary, use reputable taxi services or transportation arranged by your accommodation.
  • Be extra vigilant in areas with poor lighting or where security is known to be an issue.

Crowded and Tourist Areas

  • Tourist areas can be targets for pickpockets and scammers. Keep your belongings secure and be cautious of unsolicited help or distractions.
  • Stay alert in crowded places, such as markets, transport hubs, and festivals.

Important Documents

  • Keep digital copies of important documents like your passport, visa, and travel insurance in a secure online storage that you can access if needed.
  • Carry photocopies of your documents and store the originals in a safe place, like a hotel safe.

Personal Safety Measures

  • Dress inconspicuously to blend in and avoid drawing attention to yourself as a tourist.
  • Do not display cash or expensive items such as jewelry or electronics openly.

Accommodation Security

  • Choose accommodations with good security measures, such as 24-hour front desk service, security personnel, and secure locks.
  • Always lock your room and secure windows when leaving or sleeping.

Local Guidance

  • Seek advice from locals, especially your hosts or hotel staff, about areas to avoid or precautions to take.
  • Consider hiring a local guide to navigate unfamiliar or potentially unsafe areas.

Emergency Preparedness

  • Have a plan for emergencies, including knowing the location of your country’s embassy or consulate.
  • Keep a list of emergency contacts on hand, including local emergency services.

4: Cultural Sensitivity

Cultural sensitivity is crucial when traveling to Africa due to its vast diversity of cultures and languages. You need to know this:

Understanding Diversity

  • Africa is not a monolith; it’s a continent with over 50 countries and many ethnic groups, each with its traditions and languages.
  • Take time to learn about the specific cultural practices of the area you’ll be visiting.

Respect Local Customs

  • Customs can include traditional greetings, dining etiquette, and social interactions.
  • For example, in many African cultures, greeting elders first and waiting for them to extend their hand is common.

Dress Modestly

  • Dress codes vary, but modesty is valued in many African societies.
  • Adhering to conservative dress norms is respectful in rural areas, especially to avoid offending local sensibilities.

Language and Communication

  • While English, French, and Portuguese are widely spoken due to colonial history, thousands of local languages exist.
  • Learning a few phrases in the local language can go a long way in showing respect and building rapport.

Religious Observances

  • Africa has various religions, including Christianity, Islam, and indigenous beliefs.
  • Be mindful of religious customs, such as dress codes and behavior during holy times.

Social Interactions

  • Social norms can dictate interactions between genders, elders, and even within family structures.
  • Physical contact, eye contact, and how you address someone can have cultural implications.


  • Always ask for permission before taking photos of people, their homes, or religious sites.
  • Some communities may have taboos against photography or may expect compensation.

Time Perception

  • The concept of time can be more flexible in some African cultures, with a focus on relationships over strict schedules.
  • Patience and flexibility are key when dealing with appointments or services.

Environmental Considerations

  • Show respect for the natural environment and wildlife, often integral to local cultures and livelihoods.
  • Participate in eco-friendly practices and support conservation efforts.

5: Local Currency and Payment Methods

Understanding local currency and payment methods is essential for any traveler to Africa. Here’s what you need to know:

Local Currencies

  • African countries have their currencies, and having some local currency on hand for everyday transactions is important.
  • US dollars, Euros, and British Pounds are widely accepted and can be exchanged for local currency in most countries.

Cash Transactions

  • Cash is the most widely accepted form of payment, especially in smaller towns and rural areas.
  • Larger cities may have more options for card payments, but cash remains the preferred method.

ATM Access

  • ATMs are common in urban areas but may be scarce or non-functional in remote regions.
  • Withdrawal limits and fees vary, and it’s wise to withdraw cash in larger cities.

Card Payments

  • Credit and debit cards are accepted in major hotels, restaurants, and stores, particularly tourist areas.
  • Inform your bank of travel plans to ensure your cards remain active, and inquire about international transaction fees.

Mobile Money

  • Mobile money services like M-Pesa are popular and widely used for transactions in many African countries.
  • These platforms allow you to pay for goods and services directly from your mobile phone.

Online and Cross-Border Payments

  • There’s a growing trend towards online payments and using local currencies for cross-border transactions.
  • This can reduce reliance on foreign currencies and may offer lower transaction costs.

Currency Exchange

  • Exchange rates can fluctuate, so exchanging small amounts simultaneously is advisable.
  • Use reputable exchange services or banks to get the best rates and avoid scams.

Traveler’s Checks and Prepaid Cards

  • These are less common and may not be accepted everywhere.
  • It’s better to rely on cash and cards for greater convenience.

Tips for Managing Money

  • Carry a mix of cash, cards, and mobile money options to cover all bases.
  • Keep money in a secure, hidden travel wallet or money belt.
  • Split your money and keep it in different places to mitigate loss or theft.

6: Packing Essentials

Packing effectively for a trip to Africa involves balancing the need to travel light with ensuring you have all the essentials for a comfortable and safe journey. Consider this:

First-Aid Kit

  • Include basics like bandages, antiseptic wipes, and plasters.
  • Add medications for common travel-related ailments such as diarrhea, pain, and allergies.
  • Consider altitude sickness pills if you’re planning to visit high-altitude areas.

Insect Repellent

  • A must-have to protect against mosquito bites that can transmit diseases like malaria and dengue fever.
  • Look for repellents containing DEET or picaridin for effective protection.


  • The African sun can be intense; a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF 30 is recommended.
  • Lip balm with SPF protection is also advisable.

Appropriate Clothing

  • Lightweight, breathable fabrics like cotton are ideal for hot climates.
  • Long-sleeved shirts and pants can protect against the sun and insects.
  • A wide-brimmed hat offers additional sun protection.

Layering for Varying Climates

  • Temperatures can drop significantly at night, so pack a warm jacket or fleece.
  • Layering allows you to adjust to different temperatures throughout the day.


  • Comfortable walking shoes or boots are essential for activities like safaris and hiking.
  • Sandals or flip-flops are useful for more relaxed settings or beach destinations.

Additional Items

  • Sunglasses to protect your eyes from UV rays.
  • A sturdy water bottle to stay hydrated, preferably with a filter.
  • A headlamp or flashlight for power outages or when traveling in areas with limited lighting.

Travel Accessories

  • A neck wallet or money belt to keep your valuables secure.
  • Packing cubes can help organize your luggage and save space.
  • A lightweight, waterproof daypack for day trips and excursions.

7: Transportation

Transportation in Africa offers a variety of options, each with its own set of considerations:

Public Transport

  • Buses are the most common and affordable means of transport, connecting cities and rural areas. Quality and comfort levels vary, so it’s advisable to research and choose reputable bus companies.
  • Trains: Offer a scenic way to travel, though the network is limited and less extensive than in other continents. The Rovos Rail, for example, provides a luxurious train experience in Southern Africa.
  • Minibusses and shared Taxis are widely used for shorter distances. They’re usually faster, but they can be crowded and may not leave until full.

Domestic Flights

  • It is a quicker option for long distances or to reach remote areas. Flight availability and cost can vary, so booking in advance is recommended.

Car Rentals

  • Available in most major cities and airports. An international driver’s license is typically required, and it’s important to be prepared for different driving conditions, such as unpaved roads or varying traffic laws.

Road Conditions

  • Road quality can be unpredictable. Some areas have well-maintained roads, while others are in poor condition, lacking signage or lighting.


  • Road safety can be a concern due to poorly maintained vehicles and erratic driving behavior. It’s important to stay vigilant, especially when driving at night.

Local Advice

  • Consult with locals or your accommodation for advice on the best transportation options and any precautions you should take.

8: Communication

Effective communication is a key aspect of traveling in Africa, involving more than just language. 

Internet Access

  • Internet availability can be inconsistent, with urban areas generally having better connectivity than rural ones.
  • Wi-Fi may be available at hotels, cafes, and restaurants, but the connection can be slow or unreliable.

Local SIM Cards

  • Purchasing a local SIM card can provide more reliable and cost-effective data services.
  • Ensure your phone is unlocked before your trip to use a local SIM card.

Language Diversity

  • Africa is home to thousands of languages. While English, French, and Portuguese are common, local languages vary by region.
  • Learning basic phrases in the local language shows respect and can greatly assist daily interactions.

Translation Apps

  • Apps like Google Translate can help translate text and speech.
  • Some apps also offer offline features, which can be useful in areas with limited internet access.

Non-Verbal Communication

  • Gestures and body language can bridge communication gaps.
  • Be aware that some gestures may have different meanings in different cultures.

Patience and Understanding

  • Communication barriers can be frustrating, but patience and a willingness to understand are important.
  • Locals often appreciate your efforts to communicate, even if imperfect.

Hiring a Translator or Guide

  • If there are significant language barriers, consider hiring a translator or a guide who can speak both your and the local languages.

Cultural Nuances

  • Communication styles can vary widely, and what is considered polite or rude can differ.
  • Observing and mimicking local communication customs can be beneficial.

9: Accommodation

Regarding accommodation in Africa, travelers have many options for different preferences and budgets.

Luxury Lodges

  • These are often located in or near wildlife reserves and national parks, offering an immersive nature experience.
  • Amenities can include guided safaris, gourmet dining, and spa services.
  • They provide high comfort and exclusivity, often with stunning views and unique architectural designs.

Mid-Range Hotels

  • These hotels offer a balance between comfort and cost. They offer good service and amenities like swimming pools, restaurants, and en-suite bathrooms.
  • They suit most travelers looking for a pleasant stay without the luxury price tag.

Budget Hostels

  • Ideal for backpackers and budget-conscious travelers, hostels provide basic accommodations, often with shared rooms and bathrooms.
  • They are a great way to meet other travelers and can often be found in cities and popular tourist spots.

Boutique Hotels

  • These are smaller hotels focusing on style, atmosphere, and personalized service.
  • They often reflect local culture and history, providing a unique and intimate experience.

Guesthouses and B&Bs

  • Offering a homey atmosphere, these accommodations are usually family-run and provide a chance to interact with locals.
  • They often include breakfast and sometimes other meals with a more personal touch.

Self-Catering Apartments

  • Renting an apartment can be a cost-effective option for those who prefer to cook their meals or are staying longer.
  • This allows you to explore local markets and cook with local ingredients.

Camping and Glamping

  • Camping allows you to connect with nature and is often the most affordable option.
  • Glamping, or glamorous camping, provides the outdoor experience with added luxury, such as comfortable beds and private bathrooms.

Booking Tips

  • During peak tourist seasons, accommodations can fill up quickly, so booking well in advance is wise.
  • Consider the location and proximity to the attractions you wish to visit.
  • Read reviews and check ratings to ensure the accommodation meets your expectations.

10: Wildlife and Environment

When visiting wildlife reserves and natural areas, it’s important to adhere to guidelines that ensure your safety and the preservation of the environment. 

Respect Wildlife

  • Observe animals from a safe distance. Do not approach, feed, or attempt to touch wildlife.
  • Use binoculars or zoom lenses for close-up views.

Stay on Designated Paths

  • Stick to marked trails and paths to minimize your environmental impact and reduce the risk of getting lost.

No Trace Principles

  • Leave no trace of your visit. Take all trash with you, and do not remove any natural objects or artifacts.

Quiet Enjoyment

  • Keep noise levels down to avoid disturbing wildlife and other visitors.
  • Avoid using loudspeakers or playing music in natural settings.

Feeding Wildlife

  • Feeding wildlife can disrupt their natural diet and behavior. Refrain from feeding animals, even if they seem accustomed to humans.

Photography Ethics

  • Be ethical with photography. Do not use flash that can startle or harm animals; never bait or lure animals for a photo.

Cultural Respect

  • Some areas may be sacred or culturally significant. Show respect by adhering to local customs and guidelines.

Environmental Impact

  • Consider your environmental footprint. Use eco-friendly products and support conservation efforts.

Safety Precautions

  • Follow safety instructions provided by guides or park authorities. Be prepared for emergencies and know how to get help if needed.

Support Conservation

  • Your visit can contribute to conservation efforts. Consider supporting local conservation organizations or community projects.

FAQ: Visiting Africa For The First Time

Which country is best for the first time in Africa?

Choosing the best country for a first-time visit to Africa depends on your interests and what you hope to experience.

However, some countries are often recommended for their accessibility, infrastructure, and the variety of experiences they offer. Here’s a detailed look at a few top choices:

South Africa

  • Known as the “Rainbow Nation” for its cultural diversity.
  • Offers a mix of modern cities like Cape Town and Johannesburg, stunning landscapes, and abundant wildlife.
  • Well-developed tourist infrastructure makes it easier for first-time visitors to navigate.
  • Highlights include Table Mountain, Kruger National Park, and the Cape Winelands.


  • Famous for its classic savannah safaris, Kenya is a great place to experience the “Big Five” (lion, elephant, buffalo, leopard, and rhinoceros).
  • The Maasai Mara Reserve is renowned for the Great Migration.
  • Kenya also offers beautiful beaches, coral reefs, and the opportunity to explore Swahili culture in places like Mombasa.


  • Offers a blend of Arab, Berber, and European cultural influences.
  • Visitors can explore ancient cities like Marrakesh and Fez, with their bustling souks and historic medinas.
  • The dramatic landscapes range from the Atlas Mountains to the Sahara Desert.


  • Home to the Serengeti National Park, another prime wildlife destination.
  • Mount Kilimanjaro attracts trekkers from around the world.
  • The island of Zanzibar offers a rich history and beautiful beaches.


  • Known for its friendly people and political stability.
  • Offers a mix of beaches, historical sites related to the transatlantic slave trade, and vibrant cultural experiences.
  • Kakum National Park provides opportunities for rainforest adventures.


  • A leader in eco-tourism, offering some of the most pristine wilderness in Africa.
  • The Okavango Delta is a unique inland water system with a rich diversity of wildlife.
  • Chobe National Park is famous for its large herds of elephants.

What should I be careful of in Africa?

When in Africa, it’s essential to prioritize your health and safety. Ensure you’re vaccinated as recommended by health authorities, particularly for diseases like yellow fever and hepatitis.

Malaria prevention is crucial, so mosquito repellent should be carried, and prophylactic medication should be considered.

Be cautious with food and water; opt for bottled water and thoroughly cooked meals to avoid illnesses.

Regarding personal safety, familiarize yourself with local laws and customs to avoid inadvertent offenses.

Petty theft and scams can be common in tourist areas, so keep your belongings secure and stay alert.

Politically, some regions may experience instability; thus, it is wise to stay updated on current affairs.

Finally, respect the wildlife and natural environment. When engaging with local communities, a basic understanding of the language and cultural norms goes a long way in fostering mutual respect.

How Do I Plan A Safe Trip To Africa?

Pre-Travel Arrangements

Begin by researching your destination to understand the health risks and necessary vaccinations.

Consult a travel clinic for health advice and prophylactics for diseases like malaria.

Next, arrange comprehensive travel insurance that covers medical emergencies and unexpected trip cancellations.

Check visa requirements well in advance, and make sure your passport is valid.

Registering your travel plans with your country’s embassy for safety is also wise.

Safety and Logistics

Choose accommodations and tour operators with positive reviews for safety and reliability.

Plan your itinerary to avoid high-risk areas, especially if traveling independently. Stay informed about the local political climate and avoid regions with known unrest or conflict.

Keep digital copies of important documents like your passport and insurance policy.

Once there, use reputable transportation services, be cautious with your belongings, and follow the advice of local authorities and guides for a safe and enjoyable trip.

Key Takeaways: Visiting Africa For The First Time

As your African journey draws close, reflect on the vibrant tapestry of experiences you’ve encountered.

From the warm hospitality of its people to the awe-inspiring natural wonders, Africa leaves an indelible mark on all who tread its soil.

The continent’s rich cultural heritage and breathtaking landscapes have taught diversity, resilience, and beauty lessons.

Armed with the tips provided, you’ve navigated this majestic land with respect and curiosity, creating memories that will beckon you back to explore even more.

Africa is not just a destination; it’s an emotion, a story that continues long after the journey ends, urging you to return to its welcoming embrace.

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